Essex大學的"政府系"排名英國首位。該系系友Alun Evans (1980級)剛當選英國國家學術院（British Academy，目的是支持人文學科與社會科學的研究）的院長。 Times Higher Education 訪問Alun Evans。他說最難忘的大學時光是大學小鄉的8間 pubs和校內的2間酒吧 ( it involved all eight pubs in Wivenhoe and the two bars on the University of Essex campus.)
他說很佩服系上的Anthony King教授，並建議英國所有部長都該讀King教授共著的The Blunders of our Governments (我們歷來政府的失誤)。
Q&A with Alun Evans
We speak to the British Academy’s chief executive elect
Alun Evans, director of the UK government’s Scotland Office, takes over as the British Academy’s chief executive this summer, replacing Robin Jackson. Mr Evans, who is working on a PhD, has held several policy roles, including principal private secretary to three secretaries of state and head of strategy at the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
Where and when were you born?Ashford in Middlesex (now Surrey).
How has this shaped you?Not at all – except to remind me that grammar schools are not all they are cracked up to be, judging by the one I attended.
What is your priority as the British Academy’s new chief?Continuing to raise its profile and maintaining a good financial settlement, despite the difficult public expenditure climate. I want to ensure the health of the humanities and social sciences, communicate their importance and ensure a fair settlement for the British Academy in the forthcoming spending review.
Are the arts, humanities and social sciences as important as their STEM counterparts when it comes to funding research?The Academy exists to inspire, recognise and support high achievement in the humanities and social sciences, and to champion their role and value. Addressing many of the most complex challenges of modern-day society, from tackling Ebola to obesity, from productivity to climate change, requires joined-up policy solutions informed by science, the humanities and social sciences. That is an example of what the Academy can offer.
With your in-depth knowledge of the sector – from both sides of the coin – what is its most pressing concern post-general election?Ensuring that the UK does not slip further behind its international competitors, who are investing far more heavily in science and research than we are. This remains the big challenge for the government, for all institutions, for the research councils and for the national academies alike.
You’re studying for a PhD while also working. What’s it like being a student again and how difficult is it to juggle the two enterprises?Great fun…and very difficult.
How are you faring on the PhD and would you recommend doing one?I have been studying for almost five years (part-time) at Queen Mary University of London. My PhD is about the changing role of ministers’ private offices over the past 50 years. I am making good progress with the writing, although I do have to work hard to find the time to complete a number of interviews with former civil servants and to get to the National Archives to complete the research. That is my major task in the coming months.
As a child, what did you want to do when you grew up?To go into politics. But as it happened, I ended up as a civil servant working at different times for ministers from all three major political parties.
What was your most memorable university moment?It’s a long story and not worth telling here, but it involved all eight pubs in Wivenhoe and the two bars on the University of Essex campus.
Tell us about someone you admireAnthony King, professor of government at Essex, taught me politics as an undergraduate some 35 years ago. I am still learning from him. His recent book (with Ivor Crewe), The Blunders of our Governments, should be required reading for every minister.
What do you do for fun?Run marathons – if you call that fun.
If you were the UK universities minister for a day, what policy would you immediately introduce to our sector?A commitment to maintain and as soon as conditions allow to increase investment in all areas of UK science and research, including the humanities and social sciences, as the best way of ensuring that new ideas and innovation can continue to thrive in a dynamic, democratic, fair and prosperous society. And I would issue the same challenge to the private sector to do likewise. Funding research and innovation is a job not just for government but also for industry and society as a whole.
The British General Election of 1964 (London: Macmillan, 1965) (with D.E. Butler)
"Britain: The Search for Leadership" in William G. Andrews, ed., European Politics I (Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1966)
British Politics: People, Parties and Parliament (Boston, MA: D.C. Heath, 1966) (editor)
The British General Election of 1966 (London: Macmillan, 1966) (with D.E. Butler)
"Political Parties in Western Democracies: Some Skeptical Reflections", Polity 2 (1969) 111-41
"Margaret Thatcher: The Style of a Prime Minister" in Anthony King, ed., The British Prime Minister: A Reader (London: Macmillan, 1969) [2nd edn. 1985]
"The Changing Tories" in John D. Lees and Richard Kimber, eds., Political Parties in Modern Britain: An Organizational and Functional Guide (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1972)
"The Chief Whip's Clothes" in Dick Leonard and Valentine Herman, eds., The Backbencher and Parliament: A Reader (London: Macmillan, 1972)
Westminster and Beyond (London: Macmillan, 1973) (with Anne Sloman)
"Ideas, Institutions and the Policies of Governments: A Comparative Analysis", British Journal of Political Science 3 (1973) 291-313, 409-23
British Members of Parliament: A Self-Portrait (London: Macmillan in association with Granada Television, 1974)
"Executives" in Fred I. Greenstein and Nelson W. Polsby, eds., Governmental Institutions and Processes, Vol. 5, Handbook of Political Science (Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1975)
"Overload: Problems of Governing in the 1970s", Political Studies 23 (1975) 285-96
"On Studying the Impacts of Public Policies: The Role of the Political Scientist" in Matthew Holden, Jr. and Dennis L. Dresang, eds., What Government Does, Sage Yearbooks in Politics and Public Policy, Vol. 1 (Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications, 1975)
"The Election that Everyone Lost" and "The Election that Someone Won -- More or Less" in Howard R. Penniman, ed., Britain at the Polls: The Parliamentary Elections of 1974 (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1975)
"Modes of Executive-Legislative Relations: Great Britain, France, and West Germany", Legislative Studies 1 (1976) 11-36
Why Is Britain Becoming Harder to Govern? (London: British Broadcasting Corporation, 1976) (editor)
"Radicals and Whigs in the British Liberal Party, 1906-14" in William Aydelotte, ed., The History of Parliamentary Behavior (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1977) (with Geoffrey Hosking)
Britain Says Yes: The 1975 Referendum on the Common Market (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1977)
The New American Political System (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1978) (editor and contributor)
"Politics, Economics, and the Trade Unions, 1974-1979" in Howard R. Penniman, ed., Britain at the Polls, 1979: A Study of the General Election (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1981)
"Referendums and the European Community" in Austin Ranney, ed., The Referendum Device (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1981)
"What Do Elections Decide?" in David Butler, Howard R. Penniman and Austin Ranney, eds., Democracy at the Polls: A Comparative Study of Competitive National Elections (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1981)
“The Rise of the Career Politician in Britain – And its Consequences", British Journal of Political Science 11 (1981) 249-85
"How to Strengthen Legislatures – Assuming that We Want To" in Norman J. Ornstein, ed., The Role of the Legislature in Western Democracies (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1981)
"How Not to Select Presidential Candidates: A View from Europe" in Austin Ranney, ed., The American Elections of 1980 (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1981)
"Whatever Is Happening to the British Party System?", Parliamentary Affairs 35 (1982), 241-51
Both Ends of the Avenue: Presidential-Congressional Relations in the 1980s (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1983) (editor and contributor)
"The Political Consequences of the Welfare State" in Shimon E. Spiro and Ephraim Yuchtman-Yaar, eds., Evaluating the Welfare State: Social and Political Perspectives (New York: Academic Press, 1983)
"Margaret Thatcher's First Term" in Austin Ranney, ed., Britain at the Polls, 1983 (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1985)
"Governmental Responses to Budget Scarcity: Great Britain", Policy Studies Journal 13 (1985) 476-93
"Sex, Power and Money: Political Scandals in Great Britain and the United States" in James Ceaser and Richard Hodder-Williams, eds., in Politics in Britain and the United States: Comparative Perspectives on Institutions and Political Culture (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1985)
"The View from Europe" in Charles O. Jones, ed., The Reagan Legacy: Promise and Performance (Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1988) (with David Sanders)
"Margaret Thatcher as a Political Leader" in Robert Skidelsky, ed., Thatcherism (London: Chatto & Windus, 1988)
The New American Political System, 2nd version (Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute, 1990) (editor and contributor)
"The British Prime Minister in the Age of the Career Politician", West European Politics 14 (1991) 25-47
"Good Government and the Politics of High Exposure" in Colin Campbell and Bert A. Rockman, eds., The Bush Presidency: First Appraisals (Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1991) (with Giles Alston)
"Political Change in Britain" in Dennis Kavanagh, ed., Electoral Politics (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992)
Britain at the Polls, 1992 (Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1992) (editor and contributor)
"Foundations of Power" in George C. Edwards III, John H. Kessel and Bert A. Rockman, eds., Researching the Presidency (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1993)
"Cabinet Coordination or Prime Ministerial Dominance? A Conflict of Three Principles of Cabinet Government" in Ian Budge and David McKay, eds., The Developing British Political System: The 1990s (London: Longman, 1993)
"'Chief Executives' in Western Europe" in Ian Budge and David McKay, eds., Developing Democracy: Comparative Research in Honour of J.F.P. Blondel (London: Sage Publications, 1994)
"Ministerial Autonomy in Britain" in Michael Laver and Kenneth A. Shepsle, eds., Cabinet Ministers in Parliamentary Government (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994)
"Did Major Win? Did Kinnock Lose? Leadership Effects in the 1992 Election" in Anthony Heath, Roger Jowell and John Curtice, eds., Labour's Last Chance? The 1992 Election and Beyond (Aldershot, Hants.: Dartmouth, 1994) (with Ivor Crewe)
"Are British Elections Becoming More 'Presidential'?" in M. Kent Jennings and Thomas E. Mann, eds., Elections at Home and Abroad: Essays in Honor of Warren E. Miller (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1994) (with Ivor Crewe)
SDP: The Birth, Life and Death of the Social Democratic Party (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995) (with Ivor Crewe) [co-winner of the 1996 W.J.M. Mackenzie Prize awarded by the Political Studies Association for the best book in the field of political science published in the UK during the preceding year]
"The Vulnerable American Politician", British Journal of Political Science 27 (1997) 1-22
Running Scared: Why America's Politicians Campaign Too Much and Govern Too Little (New York: Free Press, 1997)
New Labour Triumphs: Britain at the Polls (Chatham, NJ: Chatham House, 1997) (editor and contributor)
"The Future of the Political Party" in Nelson W. Polsby and Raymond E. Wolfinger, eds., On Parties: Essays Honoring Austin Ranney (Berkeley, CA: Institute of Governmental Studies Press, 1999)
"Distrust of Government: Explaining American Exceptionalism" in Susan J. Pharr and Robert D. Putnam, eds., Disaffected Democracies: What's Troubling the Trilateral Countries? (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000)
Does the United Kingdom Still Have a Constitution?, the 51st Hamlyn Lectures (London: Sweet & Maxwell, 2001)
British Political Opinion 1937-2000: The Gallup Polls, compiled by Robert J. Wybrow (London: Politico's, 2001) (editor)
Britain at the Polls, 2001 (New York: Chatham House, 2001) (editor and contributor)
Leaders' Personalities and the Outcomes of Democratic Elections (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002) (editor and contributor)
"The Outsider as Political Leader: The Case of Margaret Thatcher", British Journal of Political Science 32 (2002) 435-54 [reprinted in Larry Berman, ed., The Art of Political Leadership: Essays in Honor of Fred I. Greenstein (Boulder, CO: Rowman & Littlefield, 2005)]
Britain at the Polls, 2005 (Washington, DC: CQ Press, 2005) (co-editor and contributor)
“Le Social Democratic Party et le tropisme du centrisme chez les traivaillistes britanniques" in Syllvia Guillaume and Jean Garrigues, eds., Centre et Centrisme en Europe aux XIXe et XXe Siecles (Bruxelles: P.I.E. Peter Lang, 2006)
“An American in England" in Matthew J. Dickinson and Elizabeth A. Neustadt, eds. Guardian of the Presidency: The Legacy of Richard E. Neustadt (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press, 2007)
The British Constitution (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007) [paperback edition with
“In Praise of Vagueness” in Matthew d’Ancona, ed., Being British (Edinburgh: Mainstream, 2009)
“‘Off With their Heads’: British Prime Ministers and the Power to Dismiss’, British Journal of Political Science 40 (2010) 249-78 [with Nicholas Allen]
The Founding Fathers v. the People: Paradoxes of American Democracy (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2012)
The Blunders of Our Governments (London: oneworld, 2013) [with. Ivor Crewe]
The Blunders of Our Governments (London: oneworld, 2013) [with. Ivor Crewe]