徐小虎(Joan Stanley-Baker) The Bennington Story，《通識教育》。1995.12, pp.45-66
...In 1993, the Bennington College Board of Trustees initiated a process known as "The Symposium." Arguing that the college suffered
from "a growing attachment to the status quo that, if unattended, is
lethal to Bennington's purpose and pedagogy," the Board of Trustees
"solicit[ed]...concerns and proposals on a wide and open-ended range of
issues from every member of the faculty, every student, every staff
member, every alumna and alumnus, and dozens of friends of the
College." According to the Trustees, the process was intended to
reinvent the college, and the Board said it received over 600
contributions to this end.
results of the process were published in June 1994 in a 36-page
document titled Symposium Report of the Bennington College Board of
Trustees. Recommended changes included the following:
Adoption of a "teacher-practitioner" ideal;
Abandonment of academic divisions in favor of "polymorphous, dynamically changing Faculty Program Groups";Replacement of the college's system of presumptive tenure with "an experimental contract system"; and A 10% tuition reduction over the following five years.
the end of June 1994, 27 faculty members (approximately one-third of
the total faculty body) were notified by certified mail that their
contracts would not be renewed. (The exact number of fired faculty
members is listed as 25 or 26 in some reports, a discrepancy partly due
to the fact that at least one faculty member, photographer Neil
Rappaport, was reinstated on appeal shortly after his firing.) As
recommended in the Symposium, the Trustees abolished the presumptive
tenure system, leaving the institution with no form of tenure. The
firings attracted considerable media attention...